Media Access Control in Large-Scale Internet of Things: A Review

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Publication Details

Contributor list: Sotenga PZ, Djouani K, Kurien AM

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE): OAJ / IEEE

Place: PISCATAWAY

Publication year: 2020

Journal: IEEE Access (ISSN:2169-3536) (eISSN:2169-3536) PubCount Year: 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021

Journal acronym: IEEE ACCESS

Volume number: 8

Start page: 55834

End page: 55859

Number of pages: 26

ISSN: 2169-3536

eISSN: 2169-3536

Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


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Abstract

The Media Access Control (MAC) serves as an imperative part of wireless communication networks which enables efficient provisioning of communication resources for device interconnectivity and ensures Quality of Service (QoS). The emergence of Large-Scale Internet of Things (LS-IoT) networks is characterised by a multi-domain distributed wireless communication network that provides end-to-end connectivity for a multitude of active heterogeneous Machine-to-Machine (M2M) devices. The nature of LS-IoT networks requires robust and scalable MAC protocols to manage concurrent, dynamic and massive media access and resource allocation. Several reviews have been conducted on MAC protocols with a handful of them focused on LS-IoT networks or massive M2M networks. In this paper, the characterisation of LS-IoT networks and the MAC component are extensively discussed delineating the impact of LS-IoT on the MAC. Emerging research issues on the MAC for LS-IoT networks including high collision probability, high control overheads, spectrum constraints, timing constraints, hardware constraints, energy consumption and hidden terminals are discussed. Some recently proposed solutions in literature for enhancing the MAC in LS-IoT networks are discussed under LS-IoT specific MAC protocol enhancement classifications. The contributions and drawbacks of the recent solutions in literature are discussed and summarised. The Future direction that is oriented towards the use of virtualisation within the framework of Network Function Virtualisation (NFV) and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) approaches is proposed. This is aimed at providing a dynamic distributed multidimensional MAC resource scaling approach for LS-IoT access network devices to ensure a robust and effective MAC for massive M2M devices in LS-IoT networks.


Keywords

Large-scale Internet of Things (LS-IoT), machine-to-machine (M2M) communication, media access control (MAC), wireless networks


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Last updated on 2021-31-03 at 18:00